He truly sees, who sees that all actions are done by Nature alone and the Soul is actionless.


Having no beginning and possessing no Gunas ( natural qualities), the Supreme Self, imperishable, though dwelling in the body,…., neither acts nor is tainted ( by actions).


…. he who in imperfect understanding looks upon the Soul as the agent – he does not see at all.


The Lord does not create agency or actions for the world; He does not create fruitful consequences of action; Nature does all this.


Having renounced all actions, the self disciplined indweller ( the Soul ) rests happily in the city of nine gates, neither acting nor causing action.