Archives for category: Gita


Performance of obligatory duty is a primary goal of life, leading to the evolution of the personality in the current incarnation and eventually to enlightenment in later incarnations if the pace of evolution is consistently sustained. This consists in discharging responsibility towards family, community and the world at large, being diligent, dexterous, industrious and righteous, fighting for and supporting what is right. Abdication and abandonment of responsibility through disinclination, fear or mistaken and premature asceticism and reclusion is deemed false renunciation which does not lead to salvation. Renunciation means renouncing the fruits of action by engaging in unattached action and not the mistaken renunciation of ones obligatory duty. Even God is consistently engaged in discharging his responsibility and acting to sustain his creation setting an example for the performance of obligatory duty. 

duty 1

Textjual References:

” Engage yourself in obligatory work; for action is superior to inaction, and if inactive, even the mere maintenance of your body would not be possible.”

”Therefore consistently perform your obligatory duty without attachment; for, by doing duty without attachment man verily obtains the supreme.”

”None can ever remain really actionless for a moment; for, everyone is helplessly driven to action by the Gunas of Prakriti ( nature).”

”The abandonment of any obligatory duty is not right; such abandonment out of delusion is Tamasik ( misguided)”

”It is indeed impossible for an embodied being to renounce action entirely. But he he who renounces the fruits of action is regarded as the one who has (truly) renounced.”

”One should not abandon, O Kaunteya, the duty to which one is born, though it be imperfect (station in life), for all undertakings have imperfections even as fire is attended by smoke.”

”There is naught in the three worlds, O Partha, that has not been done by me, not anything unattained that might be attained; still I engage in action.”

”If ever I did not engage in work relentless ( performing my obligatory duty towards creation), O Partha, men would in every respect follow my path.”

”These worlds would perish if I did not do action; I should be the cause of confusion of species ( by not enforcing the natural laws) and I should destroy these beings ( the end of the world would ensue).”







Reading the Gita one finds that there are unlimited opportunities for evolution towards enlightenment. There is no permanent condemnation of any individual as being evil or incorrigible. Rebirth provides a progression of opportunities from life to life. Thus even a sinner or criminal can become a saint and those who have failed to achieve perfection or take corrective action are provided suitable opportunities in the next life. No one is condemned to ‘hell’ for all eternity, nor is one marked permanently as sinner or saint to appear on any ‘Day of Judgement’. In the eyes of God there are none who are held as hateful or dear – all being regarded evenly as being on the evolutionary path to enlightenment and liberation. Indeed enlightenment is possible for everyone eventually irrespective of present circumstances and actions, caste creed or gender.

Arjun, the disciple of Krishna the incarnated Godhead in the Gita, poses this question and receives a response from the ‘Blessed Lord’ ;

Arjun: ”What of the man possessed of faith but lacking self-control, whose mind deviates from Yoga, what end does he meet with, O Krishna, having failed to attain to perfection in Yoga?”

Krishna the Blessed Lord replied:

”O Partha (Arjun),

Neither in this world nor in the next is there destruction for him; for, the doer of good, O my son, Never comes to grief.”

”Having attained to the worlds of the righteous and having lived there countless years, he who falls from Yoga is reborn in the house of the pure and prosperous.”

”There he regains the knowledge acquired in his former body and he strives more than before for perfection, O joy of the Kurus.”

Even if a man of the most sinful conduct worships Me with undeviating devotion, he must be reckoned as righteous, for he has rightly resolved.”

”Soon he becomes a man of righteousness and obtains lasting peace, O son of Kunti, know for certain that My devotee never comes to harm.”

”I am the same to all beings; to Me there is none hateful, none dear. But those who worship Me with devotion, they are in Me and I also am in them.”

”For those who take refuge in Me, O Partha, though they be of inferior birth, women, merchants, farmers and slaves – even they attain the Supreme Goal.”

sattvik gift

”That gift which is made to one who can make no return, with a feeling that it is one’s duty to give and which is given in the right place and time and to a worthy person, that gift is Sattvik (pure, perfect, transparent).”


”And that gift which is given with a view to receive in return or looking for gain, or again grudgingly, is considered Rajsik (arrogant, purposeful, motivated).”


”The gift that is given at the wrong place or time, to unworthy persons, without respect or with insult, that is declared to be Tamsik (depraved, deviant, inferior, base)

tamsik gift



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”I am the Self, O Gudakesh, seated in the hearts of all beings. I am the beginning, the middle and also the end of all beings.”

”An eternal portion of Myself having become the eternal soul in the living world, draws to itself Nature’s five senses and the mind.”

”Presiding over hearing, sight, touch, taste, smell and mind, he ( the soul) experiences sense objects.”

”Sattva, Rajas, Tamas – these Gunas ( archetypal attributes of Nature), O mighty armed, born of Prakriti (Nature), bind the indestructable embodied one (Soul) fast in the body.”

”Of these, Sattva ( the quality of clarity, luminosity, purity, sagacity), being luminous and untroubled,  binds by creating attachment to happiness and attachment to knowledge, O sinless one.”

”Know Rajas ( the quality of passion and dynamism) to be of the nature of passion, the source of yearning and attachment; it fetters, O Kaunteya, the embodied one ( soul) by attachment to action.” 

”But know Tamas ( dark quality of lethargy, indolence, ignorance) to be born of ignorance, deluding all embodied beings; it fetters, O Bharata, by heedlessness, indolence and sleep.”

”He, O Pandava, who hates not light, activity…. when present, nor craves for them when absent;

He who as one sitting unmoved, is not shaken by the Gunas, who stands unaffected, knowing it is but the Gunas that move;

Balanced in pleasure and pain, self-possessed, viewing a clod of earth, a stone and gold alike; the same towards the agreeable and the disagreeable, firm, the same in censure and praise;

The same in honour and dishonour, the same to friend and foe, renouncing all undertakings (attachment to their fruit) – he is said to have risen above the Gunas.”

”The embodied one having crossed over these three Gunas out of which the body is evolved, is freed from birth, death, decay and pain and attains to immortality.”





( Photo Credit: )

According to the Gita, the Avatar is a manifestation of the Absolute Unmanifest (Brahman) arriving periodically on the material plane to redress and reform His atrophying creation. The Hindu concept of God is not just of an omnipotent, omniscient, heavenly being, rather it is that of an intimate and familiar even friendly and companionable personage, not merely a father figure but a friend and even a beloved, indeed even the essence of ones being, the Soul within. It is interesting that while one Avatar (Krishna) was a cowherd another (Christ) is spoken of as a shepard.

Q  U  O  T  E  S

”I am the father of this world, the mother, the sustainer and the grandsire;….I am the goal, the supporter, the Lord, the witness, the abode, the shelter, the friend, the origin, the dissolution, the foundation, the treasure-house and the seed imperishable.”

”Though I am unborn, imperishable, and the Lord of beings, yet subjugating my Prakriti (Nature), I take birth by my own Maya (power of illusion).”

”Whenever there is decay of virtue and the rise of lawlessness, then I embody myself, O Bharata ( Arjun).”

For the protection of the good, for the destruction of the wicked and for the establishment of Dharma (righteousness) I am born from age to age.”






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